Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems
The debut 2020 edition of NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, was created to address the rise in use of innovative new technologies in modern energy storage systems (ESS) and the fire and life safety hazards associated with them. Purchase this critical standard to access the latest requirements for the installation of ESS, including locations, size and separation, and fire suppression and control.
Chapter 1 Administration1.1 Scope. (Reserved)
1.6 Units and Formulas.
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications2.1 General.
2.2 NFPA Publications.
2.3 Other Publications.
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
Chapter 3 Definitions3.1 General.
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
3.3 General Definitions.
Chapter 4 Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Vehicles4.1 General.
4.5 Mobile ESS Equipment and Operations.
4.6 Size and Separation.
4.7 Occupied Work Centers.
4.8 Maximum Stored Energy.
4.9 Exhaust Ventilation.
4.10 Smoke and Fire Detection.
4.11 Fire Control and Suppression.
4.12 Explosion Control.
4.13 Water Supply.
4.14 Spill Control.
4.16 Remediation Measures.
Chapter 5 System Interconnections5.1 General.
5.2 Disconnecting Means.
5.3 Nonelectrical Systems.
5.4 Communication Systems.
5.5 Support Systems.
Chapter 6 Commissioning6.1 System Commissioning.
6.2 Issues and Resolutions Documentation. (Reserved)
6.3 Operations and Maintenance Documentation.
6.4 Recommissioning of Existing Systems.
Chapter 7 Operation and Maintenance7.1 System Operation.
7.2 System Maintenance.
7.3 System Testing.
Chapter 8 Decommissioning8.1 Decommissioning Plan.
8.2 Decommissioning Process.
8.3 Decommissioning Report.
Chapter 9 Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems9.1 Application.
9.3 Thermal Runaway Protection.
9.4 Safety Caps.
Chapter 10 Capacitor Energy Storage Systems10.1 Application.
10.2 Protection Features.
10.3 Thermal Runaway Protection.
10.4 Safety Caps.
Chapter 11 Fuel Cell Energy Storage Systems11.1 Installation and Maintenance.
11.2 Fuel-Cell-Powered Vehicle Use.
Chapter 12 Superconducting Magnet Energy Storage (Reserved)
Chapter 13 Flywheel (Reserved)
Chapter 14 Storage of Used or Off-Specification Batteries14.1 Collection Locations.
14.2 System Maintenance.
14.3 Mercantile, Vehicle Repair, Aircraft Repair, and Laboratory Occupancy Battery Collection and Storage Locations.
14.4 Indoor Storage.
14.5 Outdoor Storage Location.
Chapter 15 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Townhouse Units15.1 General.
15.2 Equipment Listings.
15.5 ESS Spacing.
15.7 Energy Ratings.
15.8 Electrical Installation.
15.9 Fire Detection.
15.10 Protection from Impact.
15.11 Exhaust Ventilation.
15.12 Toxic and Highly Toxic Gas.
15.13 Electric Vehicle Use.
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Battery Energy Storage System Hazards
Annex C Fire-Fighting Considerations (Operations)
Annex D Overview of Energy Storage Systems Technologies
Annex E Permits, Inspections, Approvals, and Connections
Annex F Fire and Building Codes — A Short History on Stationary Storage Battery Systems
Annex G Informational References